Castle designs also changed to keep up with improvements in siege technology. Motte and Bailiey castles were the earliest form of medieval castles built completely from scratch by the Normans. Discuss as a class whether or not the physical geography of a particular place is important to deciding where to build a castle. Motte and Bailey Castles To protect his estates in Kent, Richard built a castle … The medieval era is also referred to as the Middle ages and we have spanned this period of time from the Norman Invasion of 1066 to the Tudor dynasty of the Renaissance which ended in 1603 Arundel Castle is one West Sussex’s greatest attractions with a history spanning nearly a thousand years. This one, the large stone keep, was the second. Instead of building in wood, they built in stone. Normans' favoured traditional Motte and Bailey style castles but with an important difference. 3. Examples of the Anglo-Norman style in castles are the keep and chapel of the Tower of London (1078–90), Colchester castle (after 1071), and Castle Hedingham (c. 1140). Castles in Norman England An extensive network of castles allowed the Normans to secure their power in England. Bramber Castle is the remains of a Norman coastal defence castle which is situated on a defensive hill near the coast. Norman Castles . The keep Montgomery created was initially made out of wood, but was later replaced by stone.Watch Now 7. Castles also had to provide necessities for living (like sanitation, fresh water and cooking areas), which were especially important when the castle was under siege. 2. Introduce Norman castles, using the Background Information notes and images included in this pack. (1) Richard Fitz Gilbert, like the other Norman leaders, looked for sites that provided natural defences such as a steep hill or a large expanse of water. In the Norman castle, the imposing rectangular keep was characteristic. Canterbury Castle: Two castles were built in Canterbury during the Norman period. The Norman period ended in 1154 with the death of King Stephen at Dover Castle. Royal Norman castles had absolutely massive stone keeps that impress even today. Motte and Bailey Castles. What Disney princess castle is in Tokyo? With this in mind, let's look at the major features of a castle… It has its roots in Norman times, originally built at the end of the 11th century by the then Earl of Arundel, Roger de Montgomery. Ask the class to imagine they are … Pevensey castle in East Sussex is an example of a Norman Castle built inside an existing Roman Fort. The Architecture of Medieval castles were ambitious - state of the art castles of the Middle Ages. It is estimated they built 50 castles in the first 20 years after the invasion. 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