See more ideas about victorian architecture, architecture, victorian homes. We’ve selected what we feel are the key examples of Victorian Architecture. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. Victorian architecture of central Melbourne, Australia. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The term Victorian architecture refers not to a particular style but to an era—the reign of Queen Victoria over the United Kingdom of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901. For a penny, customers were treated to a variety show, showcasing musicians, comedians and plays. Victorian Architecture. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add By using The Spruce, you accept our, Characteristics of Victorian Architecture, Interesting Facts About Victorian Architecture, Characteristics and History of the Veranda, How to Use Green for Your House's Exterior, Get Inspired: 19 Garage Door Designs and Ideas, How to Decorate in Victorian Style on a Budget. Life In The Victorian Era. Today, we look back at the British Empire differently to how it was viewed at the time. We aim to include 19th century British buildings that are either of top quality or interesting, or ideally both. Thanks to two economic booms bringing prosperity and people to the growing city, ‘Marvellous Melbourne‘ was the quintessential Victorian ‘boom-town’. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The history of Scotland's architecture is an interesting and varied timeline of design and creativity. Victorian Era Facts 45. Architects (people who design buildings) created wonderful railways stations, dramatic public buildings, and museums. This style was really popular in America during the 19th and 20th century. This meant everything from close rows of terraced houses built for factory workers on crowded narrow streets that didn’t include gardens or sanitation to semi-detached and detached houses that by the end of the Victorian era featured modern conveniences like running hot and cold water, sanitation, and gas. Indigenous people were often treated unfairly by the invading British and tensions ran high. ). From medieval crofts and castles to Victorian tenements, industrial conversions and cutting edge, contemporary buildings and structures. 12) The Bank Holidays Act of 1871 introduced extra days off throughout the year. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! Some of Britain’s best-known poets, thinkers and authors flourished in the Victorian era, like poet Elizabeth Browning, playwright Oscar Wilde and authors Emily Brontë and Charles Dickens. Victorian facts. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 1) The Victorians were the people who lived during the reign of Queen Victoria, from the 20 June 1837 until the date of her death on the 22 January 1901. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. 14) Believe it or not, television didn’t exist in Victorian times! Victorian architecture refers to buildings constructed during the reign of England's Queen Victoria. History for a fast-paced, connected world. Poised against the backdrop of the modern city skyline, this stretch of 710–720 Steiner Street is aptly nicknamed “Postcard Row” and is a popular establishing shot used in countless film and television productions including the '90s sitcom "Full House.". The Victorian architectural styles were frequently used during the mid and late 19th century in the United Kingdom. They fed the hungry in soup kitchens, and looked after the poorest children in orphanages. 10 Interesting facts about the Victorian Era Nov 18, 2015. Medical pioneers like Florence Nightingale worked with the government to improve hospital cleanliness — which hadn’t been considered as important before! Kristin Hohenadel has covered architecture, interiors and decor for publications including the New York Times, Interior Design, Lonny and the international editions of Elle Decor. Victorian Buildings. I think this is amazing learning about the Victorians and what they have been through,and I just love the way you put puns in from time to time!. The Victorian Era facts are divided into categories like architecture, social structure, fashion, child labour, etc for a better understanding of the conditions during the Victorian times. 2) During the Victorian era, Britain expanded its territory throughout the world and became the largest, richest and most powerful empire in world history. In 1837, Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom and ruled for 63 years. The Victorian styles evolved largely from the imposing, elaborate Gothic style, which appealed to the romantic Victorian idea that fashion, architecture and furnishings should be beautiful rather than practical. It is believed that the sport was invented when William Webb Ellis, a pupil at Rugby School in England, picked up the ball during a game of football and ran with it! During that period, a distinct form of residential architecture was developed and became popular. 6) Despite Britain’s political power, many ordinary people lead hard lives. First of all, I will give a brief history about one of London’s most known architecture movement, called the Victorian Architecture. Email this product to somebody. Queen Victoria believed that education should be for all, and by the end of her reign, going to school became compulsory for all children, rich or poor. They take mourning seriously. A wealthy Victorian woman's clothing, for example, involved corsets, hoop skirts and dresses that used yards of fabric. 5) The boom in industry saw lots of people moving to cities to find work. Nat Geo Kids take a trip on a vintage steam train! During the Industrial Revolution successive housing booms resulted in the building of many millions of Victorian houses which are now a defining feature of most British towns and cities. The founder of modern nursing, and the Lady with the Lamp…, A teenager’s fascinating find on satellite images of the Mexican jungle…, Check out these cool facts about the fierce Anglo-Saxons…. It was an era of exciting discoveries, inventions and exploration following the Industrial Revolution. The practice of putting up a Christmas tree is in part thanks to Albert, the husband of famous Queen Victoria. Primary Sources 1) The Victorians were the people who lived during the reign of Queen Victoria, from the 20 June 1837 until the date of her death on the 22 January 1901. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Victorian children loved an adventure story! The Victorian architecture is a mixture of many styles like the Italianate, stick east-lake, Queen Anne. An example from the United States is. Victorians are very different and it would be interesting to go back in time and see everything! In 1871, the first Rugby Football Union was set up. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Octagonal or round towers and turrets to draw the eye upward, Complicated layouts with multiple rooms including formal dining rooms, libraries, and parlors. In 1843 the Volksraad posted to the English Expert. The Victorian architecture was heavily criticized by the contemporary critics. All of Britain’s major cities, like London, Glasgow and Manchester, were now connected. But several styles of Victorian-era architecture also spread internationally to places like North America, Australia, and New Zealand, where various countries and regions adapted it to fit local tastes, lifestyles, and building materials. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Victorian architecture originated in England and still largely defines the architecture of its cities and towns. Genre paintings capitalized upon themes inspired by contemporary daily life, and many scenes depicted fictionalized domesticity while reinforcing middle-class beliefs. Banks and offices would close and people could take time off work. Also called Victorian Gothic, it was inspired by the Gothic architecture of medieval Europe and associated with philosophical and social movements. Victorian architecture refers to the style of revived architecture; most of the styles of these buildings have predominantly been revived from the late 19th century also known as the Victorian age. Pour the tea and get ready to read these 45 proper facts about the Victorian age. The later stage of the 19th century brought changes in the house color schemes, in the architects and the architecture. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles that were employed in the Victorian era.This kind of architecture is named after Queen Victoria.These architectural styles include: Gothic Revival: examples are St Pancras railway station (1868); the rebuilt main chambers of the Houses of Parliament (1850 to 1870); Natural History Museum. The Victorian style, known during the reign of Queen Victoria, brought the idea of mass-housing, the reason why there are a lot of Victorian buildings in London. Aug 14, 2017 - Buildings from the Victorian Era. In 1856, an engineer named Henry Bessemer invented a new method for turning iron into steel making it possible to build ships, bridges and other structures on a scale like never before! New titles such as Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Treasure Island and The Jungle Book became hugely popular. We cover buildings, refurbishments and architectural exhibitions across Britain. Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. A brief overview of victorian architecture made by SVD (SchoolVideosDude). Before trains, the fastest mode of transport was horses. Conditions were poor and sadly, families were often separated. grandriver / Getty Images Interesting Facts About Victorian Architecture . Victorian-era architecture followed the Georgian (1714–1830) and late Georgian period (1830–1837), which was characterized by generously proportioned rooms in typically three-story residences where families lived on the first two floors and servants occupied the smaller third story. The Victorian era takes its name from Queen Victoria who ruled between 1837 and 1901. They left their carefully laid plans and foundations for the British to generate upon, the renowned Edwardian and Victorian Architecture which later made Pietermaritzburg famous. Victorian architecture in America is not just one style, but many design styles, each with its own unique array of features. Children were favoured because they could fit into tight spaces that adults couldn’t. The beautiful Carson Mansion is a fine example of a typical Victorian house. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Dickens’ novels – such as Oliver Twist – often focused on poor people, and his stories helped to highlight their plight. 15) Healthcare saw huge improvements under the Victorians. Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century. 8) Victorian children were expected to work long hours and for less money than adults. Edwardian style was less ornate than Victorian, its interiors featuring simpler decor and less clutter. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Innovations in building techniques and mass-produced building materials that could be transported by rail—such as newly machine-made bricks, gray roofing slate from Wales, or the arrival of plate glass in the 1930s that increased window size from previous periods—saved builders time and helped lead to a housing boom during the 1850s and 1870s that saw millions of Victorians constructed. Images and information was acquired through educational and internet resources. The name represents the … Let’s learn more about this fascinating period of history in our Victorian facts…. Therefore, many children worked in factories, coal mines and as chimney sweeps. 7) Many charities for the poor, like the Salvation Army and Barnardo’s, were established during the Victorian era. They built in modern ways using brick and other new building materials such as iron, steel, and glass. The Victorian era is a big part of the KS2 history syllabus and the William Morris topic is taught mainly in Year 6 as an art module. 10) Improvements in education meant that more people could enjoy reading. See more ideas about victorian architecture, architecture, victorian homes. The Victorian Society is the national society responsible for the study and protection of Victorian and Edwardian architecture. This website uses cookies (not edible ones! Share. See the fact file below for more information about Victorian housing. Snow White. Located at Eureka, Old town in California, it happens to be a prime example of the American Queen Anne style architecture. The Victorian era is that time period that matches the reign of England's Queen Victoria from 1837 to 1901. 5-Minute History. You’re leaving to visit another website! The Victorian era was a period of increasing wealth, an expanding middle class, and a boom in mass production facilitated by the Industrial Revolution. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Over time, the empire broke down and gradually, countries gained independence. Similar to Victorian architecture is the Edwardian style of architecture, which began upon the death of Queen Victoria and subsequent reign of King Edward VII (1901–1910), although everything up through 1914 is considered part of the period. Women often wore mourning rings which were usually made from onyx or jet and featured hair from the deceased person. Some would even bottle their mourning tears. Oct 22, 2020 - Explore James Brown's board "Victorian architecture", followed by 656 people on Pinterest. It spanned most of the 19th century and was a time of great change in Britain. Victorian architecture is characterized by an eclecticism that moves from one building or part of a building to the other, describing features and influences and sometimes even redefining trends. The architectures build by the Victorians are widely known as Victorian Architecture. Learn more about the Victorians through in-depth history articles, podcasts, slideshows & more. All aboard! The British gained ownership of Natal. Share on Twitter. Victorian Facts. a pre-selected message and a cool badge. The first travel agent, a businessman named Thomas Cook, ran trips to the seaside, which were very popular amongst Victorian families — those who could afford it, that is! The Victorian age is the name given to the time of Queen Victoria’s reign. For the first time in world history, more people lived in cities than in the countryside, making city centres very cramped! Therefore, Victorians entertained themselves by going to the theatre or watching live music. It coincides with the Arts and Crafts movement, which began in 1880 as artists and architects reacted against the technical advances and mass-production ushered in by the Victorian age and sought to produce goods that celebrated human craftsmanship. The Victorian times were a fantastic place for some, but many of the poorer Victorians lived a hard life in poverty. Interiors of Victorian-era houses often included: In San Francisco, one of the city’s most iconic backdrops is a row of “painted ladies,” the nickname given in the U.S. to Victorian and Edwardian houses repainted in the 1960s in three or more colors to spruce up their ornate architectural details. Victorian-era architecture is marked by its unapologetic devotion to ornament and flourish and its ornate maximalist interior design. Its principles, especially honesty of expression, were first laid down in The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841) by Augustus Pugin (1812–52). During the so-called Victorian era, Britain's empire became the biggest in the world. 2) During the Victorian … Victorian architecture was solid and ornate. The term Victorian architecture describes several - predominantly revival - architectural styles that were popular from the mid- to the end of the 19th century; this period largely corresponds to the so-called Victorian era or the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) after whom it was named. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. 3) New inventions, like the telephone, motorcar, typewriter, bicycle and moving film totally changed the way that people lived, worked and travelled. Many resorted to workhouses, which provided basic poor relief like food, medical care and shelter in exchange for labour. The Boers were required to vacate their land for new British Military. Some great facts about the Victorians covering many aspects of their life in England and indeed throughout the British Empire. Underlying these representations of young protagonists were adult values that clearly demarcated and endorsed gendered constructions of childhood, whether of demure girls or mischievous boys. 13) Organised sport became popular in the Victorian era. However, many elements of what is typically termed "Victorian" architecture did not become popular until later in Victoria's reign, roughly from 1850 or 1850. While there are many different styles encompassed in Victorian-era architecture, some common features that will help you spot a Victorian from the outside include: Interior design in the Victorian period was layered, cluttered, ornate, and eccentric. Victorian Building – Key Work 1. Visiting the music hall was a popular British pastime for poorer people. Share on Facebook. Such didacticism is particularly evident in the paintings by the Irish artist William Mulready, which include Train Up a Child (1841) and A Mother Te… Today, the city has the finest collection of Victorian architecture in Australia, and one of the finest in the world, with an abundance of hidden gems to explore. The Victorian era saw Britain become the world’s first industrial power, producing much of the world’s coal, iron, steel, and textiles. Seen from Alamo Square Park, these San Francisco Victorian row houses are perhaps the country’s most famous. Victorian-era architecture spanned more than 60 years and it encompasses a jumble of overlapping styles that include early Gothic Revival, Folk Victorian, Greek Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Stick, Romanesque Revival, Shingle, Colonial Revival, and the popular Queen Anne style at the tail end of the era. It was an era of exciting discoveries, inventions and exploration following the Industrial Revolution. Victorian architecture, building style of the Gothic Revival that marks the movement from a sentimental phase to one of greater exactitude. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Children’s books were no longer just for learning, they were fun! The Victorian era facts in the gallery above paint a very different picture of the time period than the one usually seen in history books. As technology advanced, new machines left lots of people without jobs. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Yorke, T., The Victorian House Explained (2005). Queen Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. The Victorians also promoted new fashion trends and culture, along with literature and visual arts. Victorian Era is known for the vast developments that took place changing the political and economic structure of England. A quarter of the world’s population lived in the empire and Queen Victoria was even Empress of India! Some of the most magnificent buildings in the world are from the Victorian Architecture, including the Manchester Town Hall of England. A Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). The contemporary fashion designs, arts, or literature influenced by such works are generally called as “Victorian.” Victorian-era housing was built to accommodate people from all walks of society and income levels. Poor people lived in crowded slums — houses which were overcrowded, smelly and in bad repair. 9) Before the Victorian era, most of Britain’s population couldn’t read or write and had limited access to education. One of the most famous Victorian artists, William Morris' work went far beyond just fine art - to architecture, poetry and wallpaper among many other things. Seems unfair, right?! You can read more about the British Empire and how it changed the world, in our British Empire facts. 4) Expansion of the railways meant that people could travel faster and further than ever before. The Gothic Revival style began in England in the mid-1700s, and its popularity grew rapidly in the early 19th century. During the 21st century, champions of 19th century Victorian architecture like the UK’s Victorian Society work to conserve and protect historic Victorian and Edwardian architecture, helping interested parties learn how to adapt Victorian buildings to fit modern living styles while preserving and respecting their unique characteristics and histories. The styles often included interpretations and eclectic revivalsof historic styles. To make matters worse, the jobs were often dangerous and conditions were hard. Osband, L., Victorian House Style: An architectural and interior design sourcebook (1991). 11) This period was a great time for the arts, too! The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Wedd, K., The Victorian House (The Victorian Society 2000).